Notable Sales European Paintings
Winter landscape

Van de Cappelle, Jan

Amsterdam 1624 - Amsterdam 1679

Winter landscape

Oil on Canvas

15 7/8 x 17 3/4 in - 40.3 x 45.1cm

Signed with initials lower centre JVC.



William Fuller Maitland of Stanstead Hall, Essex, sold London Christie's 10th May 1879, lot 97, bought by Albert Levy, for 200 guineas; his sale London, Christie's, 6th June 1885 lot. 20, bought by Martin Colnaghi for 210 guineas. Stephenson Clarke Collection, thence by descent.


London, South Kensington Museum, 1879.
London, Whitechapel Art gallery, Dutch Exhibition, 1904, No. 173.
London, Royal Academy, Dutch Pictures 1450 - 1750, 1952 - 3, No. 370.


C. Hofstede de Groot A Catalogue Raisonne, etc.,Vol VII, London, 1923, p. 200, no.149, and p. 206, no. 171. M. Russell, Jan van de Cappelle, Leigh -On- Sea, 1975, p. 84, no. 149, and p.87, no. 171, and fig. 89. 


This picture is one of a small group by Jan van de Cappelle whose works are amongst the most sensitive Winter Scenes of the whole Dutch 17th century. Few Dutch winter scenes give such a convincing evocation of the icy winters of the seventeenth century than those of Jan van de Cappelle. Uniquely amongst the winter scene painters of the time the artist was entirely free from stereotype even though his pictures use remarkably few individual elements. This Winter Scene is especially true to nature with such subtle touches as the slight glow in the sky on the left and the hole in the ice made in order to catch fish trapped underneath.

Fewer than fifteen works of this type survive and four of them are dated either 1652 or 1653. Their stylistic unity has led to the suggestion that the undated ones were painted at the same time. Even though they are so close-knit in their restrained colour, compositional elements and generally small format each Winter Scene is entirely original in its approach. The closest in mood to the Winter Scene here is the upright composition in the Rijksmuseum Twenthe at Enschede. There is a similar delicate light in the sky and similar curiously formed clouds. The other elements are seen in most of the other winter scenes by the artist ranging from the rime on the trees to the way the figures seem to recede even though they are in the foreground. The JVC initials seen in this picture are found again in two other winter landscapes the Dublin, National Gallery River Scene in Winter (J.V.C.) and the Mauritshuis, The Hague Winter Scene (J.V.C.).

We are grateful to Dr. Alice Davies and to Christopher Wright for helping with the cataloguing of this painting.

Winter Scenes

by Jan van de Cappelle with known locations

Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Winter Scene HdG 160 (?)

Birmingham, City Art Gallery, Winter Scene HdG 151
lent by Ashcroft Trustees, signed and dated: J.V.Cappelle 1652

Dublin, National Gallery, River Scene in Winter HdG 146
Initials J.V.C.

Enschede, Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Frozen Canal HdG 154
Signed and dated: J.V. Cappelle 165..

The Hague, Mauritshuis, Winter Scene HdG 148
signed and dated: I v Cappelle fe 1653

London, Mansion House, Harold Samuel Collection, 
Winter Scene, signed: I. V. Cappelle

Madrid, Fundacion Thyssen-Bornemisza,
Winter Scene, HdG 158 signed I. v Cappelle

Manchester City Art Gallery, Assheton Bennett Collection,
Winter Scene, HdG 170, Initials: I.V.C.

Paris, Institut Néerlandais, Fondation CustodiaI.
Winter Landscape HdG 155, V. Cappelle Ao 1653

Vaduz, Fürst Liechtenstein, Winter Landscape , HdG 147, 163a, 178
Monogram (initials?).





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